Book Of Daniel Chapter 11 Commentary On The Gospel

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

This chapter contains one of the most specifically fulfilled prophecies of the Bible, predicting history over some years, and to the end, with amazing accuracy. The chapter is so specific, that many critics who deny supernatural revelation, have insisted that it is history , written after the fact, fraudulently claiming to be prophecy. Because of the detail of the prophecy, we will be forced to frequently summarize; and the fulfillment of the prophecy will be observed as it is described.

Such a view must undermine confidence in the entire book.

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

And now I will tell you the truth: Behold, three more kings will arise in Persia, and the fourth shall be far richer than them all; by his strength, through his riches, he shall stir up all against the realm of Greece. Three more kings will arise in Persia : Simply, the angel told Daniel that there would be three more kings in Persia until a fourth arose. The fourth king would be strong, rich, and oppose the realm of Greece. This strong, rich fourth king was fulfilled in the Persian King Xerxes.

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

The fourth shall be far richer : In fulfillment, there were actually four kings from the time Daniel spoke of until Xerxes, the one who did stir up all against the realm of Greece. Either the angel omitted the current king Cyrus , looking only to the future, or he ignored King Smerdis of Persia B.

Persia… Greece : These visions and insights regarding the future of the Persian and Greek Empires were relevant because each empire attempted to wipe out the people of God at some time.

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

The Persian Empire tried to wipe out the Jewish people during the reign of Xerxes, through the plot of Haman as shown in the Book of Esther. The Greek Empire tried to wipe out the Jewish people during the reign of Antiochus IV, when he attempted to kill every Jew who did not renounce their commitment to God and embrace Greek culture. Then a mighty king shall arise, who shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.

And when he has arisen, his kingdom shall be broken up and divided toward the four winds of heaven, but not among his posterity nor according to his dominion with which he ruled; for his kingdom shall be uprooted, even for others besides these.

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Then a mighty king shall arise : The angel told Daniel of a mighty king with a great dominion — but his kingdom would not endure, and it would be divided after the death of the mighty king.

Shall rule with great dominion and do according to his will : This was fulfilled in Alexander the Great, who certainly was a mighty king. Alexander died at 32 years of age of a fever after a drunken party in Babylon.

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

This prophecy does not mainly concern Alexander because he did no harm to Jerusalem, though he conquered the general area. The ancient historian Josephus records the interesting arrival of Alexander the Great to Jerusalem, and how he was shown the Book of Daniel by the high priest whom Alexander had previously seen in a vision.

Alexander was so impressed that he spared Jerusalem and granted it religious toleration. Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews , book XI, chapter Now Alexander, when he had taken Gaza, made haste to go up to Jerusalem; and Jaddua the high priest, when he heard that, was in an agony, and under terror, as not knowing how he should meet the Macedonians, since the king was displeased at his forgoing disobedience.

He therefore ordained that the people should make supplications, and should join with him in offering sacrifices to God, whom he besought to protect that nation, and to deliver them from the perils that were coming upon them; whereupon God warned him in a dream, which came upon him after he had offered sacrifice, that he should take courage, and adorn the city, and open the gates; that the rest appear in white garments, but that he and the priests should meet the king in the habits proper to their order, without the dread of any ill consequences, which the providence of God would prevent.

Upon which, when he rose from his sleep, he greatly rejoiced; and declared to all the warning he had received from God. According to which dream he acted entirely, and so waited for the coming of the king.

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And when he understood that he was not far from the city, he went out in procession, with the priests and the multitude of the citizens. The procession was venerable, and the manner of it different from that of other nations…. The Jews also did all together, with one voice, salute Alexander, and encompass him about: whereupon the kings of Syria and the rest were surprised at what Alexander had done, and supposed him disordered in his mind.

However, Parmenio alone went up to him, and asked him how it came to pass, that when all others adored him, he should adore the high-priest of the Jews?

THE BOOK OF DANIEL – Verse by Verse – Chapter 11 - The Most Detailed Prophecy in the Bible

And when the book of Daniel was showed him, wherein Daniel declared that one of the Greeks should destroy the empire of the Persians, he supposed that himself was the person intended; and as he was then glad, he dismissed the multitude for the present, but the next day he called them to him, and bade them ask what favors they pleased of him: whereupon the high-priest desired that they might enjoy the laws of their forefathers, and might pay no tribute on the seventh year.

He granted all they desired: and when they entreated him that he would permit the Jews in Babylon and Media to enjoy their own laws also, he willingly promised to do hereafter what they desired. Alexander did leave three possible heirs: a half brother named Philip, who was mentally deficient; a son who was born after Alexander died; and an illegitimate son named Hercules.

The half-brother and the posthumous son were first designated co-monarchs, each with a regent.

But fighting amongst the regents eventually resulted in the murder of all possible heirs. Only two are focused on because they constantly fought over the Promised Land because it sat between their centers of power. Also the king of the South shall become strong, as well as one of his princes; and he shall gain power over him and have dominion. His dominion shall be a great dominion.

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

The king of the South shall become strong : One of the four inheritors of the empire of the mighty king would become stronger and greater than the others. He shall gain power over him and have dominion : This was fulfilled in Ptolemy I of Egypt, who exerted his control over the Holy Land.

Bible Commentaries

Ptolemy I had a prince named Seleucus, who rose to power and took dominion over the region of Syria. He became more powerful than his former Egyptian ruler.

Book of daniel chapter 11 commentary on the gospel

The dynasties of the Seleucids and the Ptolemies fought for some years. The stronger of the two always held dominion over the Holy Land. And at the end of some years they shall join forces, for the daughter of the king of the South shall go to the king of the North to make an agreement; but she shall not retain the power of her authority, and neither he nor his authority shall stand; but she shall be given up, with those who brought her, and with him who begot her, and with him who strengthened her in those times.

They shall join forces : Joined by a marriage, the kings of the North and South would be allies for a while, but the arrangement would not last. The daughter of the king of the South shall go to the king of the North to make an agreement : This was fulfilled in the marriage between Antiochus II of the Seleucids and Berenice daughter of Ptolemy II.

There was peace for a time because of this marriage, but it was upset when Ptolemy II died. She shall be given up, with those who brought her : After the murder of Antiochus II, Laodice had Berenice, her infant son, and her attendants killed.

But from a branch of her roots one shall arise in his place, who shall come with an army, enter the fortress of the king of the North, and deal with them and prevail. And he shall also carry their gods captive to Egypt, with their princes and their precious articles of silver and gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the North.

Also the king of the North shall come to the kingdom of the king of the South, but shall return to his own land. Who shall come with an army : The angel told Daniel that a branch of her roots would come from the South and prevail over the kings of the North. Deal with them and prevail : This was fulfilled in the person of Ptolemy III, who was the brother of Berenice the branch of her roots.

However his sons shall stir up strife, and assemble a multitude of great forces; and one shall certainly come and overwhelm and pass through; then he shall return to his fortress and stir up strife.

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His sons shall stir up strife : The sons of the kings of the North would continue the battle. One of the sons would conquer the Holy Land overwhelm and pass through which stood as a buffer between the kings of the South and the kings of the North. Both were successful generals, but Seleucus III ruled only a short time and was succeeded by his brother.

And the king of the South shall be moved with rage, and go out and fight with him, with the king of the North, who shall muster a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into the hand of his enemy.

Commentary for Daniel 11

When he has taken away the multitude, his heart will be lifted up; and he will cast down tens of thousands, but he will not prevail. The king of the South shall be moved with rage : The angel told Daniel that the king of the South would attack and meet a great multitude of soldiers from the king of the North. The king of the North would lose in battle and his multitude would be defeated. For the king of the North will return and muster a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come at the end of some years with a great army and much equipment.

Daniel 11: The Most Detailed Prophecy in the Bible

Now in those times many shall rise up against the king of the South. Also, violent men of your people shall exalt themselves in fulfillment of the vision, but they shall fall. So the king of the North shall come and build a siege mound, and take a fortified city; and the forces of the South shall not withstand him.

Even his choice troops shall have no strength to resist. But he who comes against him shall do according to his own will, and no one shall stand against him.

He shall stand in the Glorious Land with destruction in his power.

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The king of the North… shall certainly come at the end of some years with a great army : The angel told Daniel that the northern dynasty would answer back and defeat the king of the South in an extended siege. This victory would give the king of the North dominion over the Glorious Land.

This was because the Jewish people resented the rule of the Egyptian Ptolemies violent men of your people shall exalt themselves in fulfillment of the vision. He who comes against him shall do according to his own will… with destruction in his power : The Jewish people of the Glorious Land initially welcomed Antiochus III as a liberator from Egyptian rule. Their decision to support Antiochus III proved unwise when he turned destruction upon the Glorious Land and its people.

He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do. And he shall give him the daughter of women to destroy it; but she shall not stand with him, or be for him. He shall also set his face : The king of the North who ruled over the Holy Land would also attempt to dominate and destroy the king of the South.

He would make one attempt by giving the king of the South the daughter of women to destroy , but this plot would not succeed. He did this hoping to gain permanent influence and eventually control in Egypt.

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This was not the most famous Cleopatra from ancient history, but this was the ancestor of the more famous Cleopatra. The more famous Egyptian woman lived some years after the time of this Cleopatra.

After this he shall turn his face to the coastlands, and shall take many. But a ruler shall bring the reproach against them to an end; and with the reproach removed, he shall turn back on him. Then he shall turn his face toward the fortress of his own land; but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found. He shall turn back on him : After the disappointing effort through the daughter Cleopatra, the king of the North would turn his efforts towards the coastlands — until he was stopped by one formerly under reproach , until he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.

He was helped by Hannibal, the famous general from Carthage. Antiochus planned to humiliate Greece but was humiliated instead.

He returned to his former regions, having lost all that he gained and died shortly after. After this defeat Antiochus III had an inglorious end. Needing money badly for his treasury, he resorted to pillaging a Babylonian temple and was killed by enraged local citizens. There shall arise in his place one who imposes taxes on the glorious kingdom; but within a few days he shall be destroyed, but not in anger or in battle.

There shall arise in his place : After the inglorious end of the king of the North, his successor would raise taxes and meet a soon end.

Daniel 11 – Antiochus and Antichrist Revisited

He sought to tax his dominion including the glorious kingdom , the Holy Land to increase revenues. His plan to pillage the Jerusalem temple was set aside when his ambassador had an angelic vision of warning. And in his place shall arise a vile person, to whom they will not give the honor of royalty; but he shall come in peaceably, and seize the kingdom by intrigue.

In his place shall arise a vile person : The angel told Daniel that after the brief reign of the former king of the North, the next king would be a vile person. He would not be recognized as royalty , but shall take power by intrigue. He did not come to the throne legitimately because it was strongly suspected that he murdered his older brother, the previous king.

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He used flattery, smooth promises and intrigue.