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The benefits of early integration of ESOH considerations include:.
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DoDI The PM uses the system safety methodology for the identification, documentation and management of ESOH hazards and their associated risks during the system's development and sustainment. The Program Manager, with support from the Systems Engineer, eliminates hazards where possible, and manages ESOH risks where hazards cannot be eliminated.
MIL-STD provides a structured, yet flexible, framework for hazard analysis and risk assessment for a specific system application including system hardware and software. As an example for software, Subject Matter Experts SMEs use the MIL-STD process for assessing the software contribution to system risk, which considers the potential risk severity and degree of control the software exercises over the hardware, and dictates the analysis level of rigor needed to reduce the risk level.
Examples of this include, but are not limited to, the following:. This is critical because the program conducts most of their developmental testing and finalizes a significant portion of the system design during TMRR. The Systems Engineer identifies the ESOH requirements applicable to the system throughout its life cycle from statutes, regulations, policies, design standards and capability documents.
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From these requirements, the Systems Engineer should derive ESOH design requirements and include them in capability documents, technical specifications, solicitations and contracts. Sustainability Analysis to inform the hazard analysis. This schedule includes, but is not limited to:. The PM is also responsible for ensuring the appropriate management level accepts ESOH risks prior to exposing people, equipment or the environment to those risks.
Any time a risk level increases the PM should ensure the appropriate management level accepts the new risk level prior to exposing people, equipment or the environment to the new risk level.
This means a given ESOH risk may require multiple risk acceptances as the risk level changes across the life of a system. For example:.
Before accepting a risk, the appropriate acceptance authority requires user representative concurrence from the DoD Component s responsible for the personnel, equipment or environment exposed to the risk. Joint programs should identify the specific risk acceptance authority and user representative offices in the PESHE. The program documents formal risk acceptances as part of the program record e.
If a risk level increases for a hazard, a new risk acceptance is required prior to exposing people, equipment or the environment to the increased risk.
The program also participates in system-related mishap investigations to assess contributing hazards, risks and mitigations.
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Each ESOH risk report includes the following:. This enables programs to ensure, as their system changes occur over time; they assess those changes for any potential to alter existing risk levels or to add hazards.
This also enables a program to determine the potential for eliminating hazards or reducing their risk levels as the program implements system design or operating and maintenance procedure changes. The Systems Engineer manages hexavalent chromium usage in systems to balance the requirements for corrosion prevention and control and the procedures in DFARS Subpart The safety release addresses each system hazard present during the test and includes formal risk acceptance for each hazard.
Safety releases should be documented as part of the Program Record.
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The PM should provide a transmittal letter to the involved test organization with a detailed listing of the system hazards germane to the test that includes the current risk level and documented risk acceptance along with information on all implemented mitigations. In an effort to enhance and sustain mission readiness over the system life cycle, reduce reliance on resources and reduce the DoD footprint, programs should follow the policy and procedures identified in the DoD Sustainable Procurement Program SPP.
SPP benefits include:.
In an effort to continuously adapt current and future DoD operations to address the impacts of climate change, and to maintain an effective and efficient U. The benefits of early integration of ESOH considerations include: Mitigation of program cost and schedule risks from actions that cause damage to people, equipment or the environment. Reduction of Operations and Support and disposal costs to achieve system affordability. Provision of a safe, suitable, supportable and sustainable capability able to operate world-wide, including opportunities for Foreign Military Sales.
Throughout each acquisition phase, programs conduct their ESOH analyses to: Identify and mitigate potential risks to the system and its associated personnel. Ensure compliance with statutory ESOH requirements.
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Examples of this include, but are not limited to, the following: Complying with NEPA, EO , and applicable environmental quality requirements, which will require assessing the system's operation and maintenance pollutant emissions.
Obtaining required design certifications, such as Airworthiness for air systems.
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Prohibiting or strictly controlling the use of banned or restricted hazardous materials, such as hexavalent chrome and ozone-depleting substances. Finally, properly integrating ESOH in SE requires addressing the following key areas: Programs should integrate ESOH and system safety activities by incorporating various functional disciplines such as system safety engineers, fire protection engineers, occupational health professionals and environmental engineers to identify hazards and mitigate risks through the SE process.
Programs should continue to conduct assessment of the system and its hazards throughout the system life cycle to address system changes for any potential to alter existing risk levels even for accepted ESOH risks or to add hazards.
As the repository for ESOH data and information, the PESHE includes, but is not limited to: ESOH Risk Matrices for hardware and software used by the program with definitions for severity categories, probability levels, risk levels and risk acceptance and user representative concurrence authorities.
The following data for each hazard: Hazard Tracking System HTS identification number; identified hazards to include descriptions ; associated mishaps potential mishaps resulting from the hazard ; risk assessments to include the initial, target, and event s Risk Assessment Codes RACs and risk levels ; identified risk mitigation measures; selected and funded mitigation measures; hazard status current RAC and risk level based on any mitigation actions that have been implemented, verified and validated ; verification of risk reductions i.
NOTE: providing an electronic copy of the current data from either the HTS if it includes this information or the hazardous materials management data would satisfy this requirement.
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This schedule includes, but is not limited to: Each proposed action e. For example: During development, the risk level will change as the program funds and implements identified mitigations. During testing, the risk level may change due to test configurations, which differ from the eventual system design.
During sustainment of a fielded system, the risk level may change as the system ages and as more information about a given risk becomes available. Sustainable Procurement Program In an effort to enhance and sustain mission readiness over the system life cycle, reduce reliance on resources and reduce the DoD footprint, programs should follow the policy and procedures identified in the DoD Sustainable Procurement Program SPP.
SPP benefits include: Improving mission performance by decreasing life cycle costs and reducing liabilities.
Reducing impacts to human health and the environment. Ensuring availability of chemicals and materials. Enhancing installation and national security by reducing dependence on foreign energy sources. Contributing to regulatory compliance.
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Increasing potential for Foreign Military Sales. Climate Change In an effort to continuously adapt current and future DoD operations to address the impacts of climate change, and to maintain an effective and efficient U. Identify any ESOH risks and mitigations for the systems and program.
Develop recommendations for mitigating ESOH risks, and submit to decision maker. Identify all possible safety risks in the proposed system design. Perform technical and cost benefit analysis to support developing recommendations for mitigation of safety risks. Using inputs from the contractor and partner, develop the system safety program, including all safety risks and mitigation plans.
Verify incorporation of system safety program elements into the system safety plan. Required ESOH approvals, endorsements, releases, and the designated high and serious risk acceptance user representative s. Participate in mishap investigations and the CCB process Analyze system use data such as deficiency reports, hazard reports, regulatory violations, etc. Identify and evaluate the different ESOH issues related to the program. Develop a comprehensive system safety plan for the system and the program in accordance with current guidance.
During the design of the system, identify any and all sources of hazardous materials used or created over the life of the program, including materials used or created in the manufacturing, operation, storage, transportation, maintenance, demilitarization, and decommissioning of the system.