Peromyscus is a genus of rodents whose members are commonly referred to as deer mice.
They are New World mice only distantly related to the common house and laboratory mouse, Mus musculus. From this relative, Peromyscus species are distinguished by relatively larger eyes, and also often two-tone coloring, with darker colors over the dorsum back , and white abdominal and limb hair-coloring.
In reference to the coloring, the word Peromyscus comes from Greek words meaning "booted mouse". The most common species of deer mice in the continental United States are two closely related species, P. In the United States, Peromyscus is the most populous mammalian genus overall, and has become notorious in the western United States as a carrier of hantaviruses.
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The deer mouse came to the attention of the public when it was discovered to be the primary reservoir species for Sin Nombre hantavirus. Ehrlichiosis and babesiosis are also carried by the deer mouse.
While wild populations are sometimes studied,  Peromyscus species are also easy to breed and keep in captivity, although they are more energetic and difficult to handle than the relatively more tame M. For certain studies, They are also favored over the common laboratory mouse M. Apart from their importance in studying infectious diseases, Peromyscus species are useful for studying phylogeography , speciation , chromosomes , genetics , ecology , population genetics , and evolution in general.
They are also useful for researching repetitive-movement disorders. The Peromyscus Genetic Stock Center at the University of South Carolina was established by Professor Wallace Dawson in to raise animals of the peromyscine species for research and educational use.
This institute maintains populations of several different species including Peromyscus californicus , Peromyscus maniculatus , Peromyscus melanophrys , Peromyscus eremicus , and Peromyscus aztecus. A variety of mutations affecting their behavior, biochemistry , and the color of their coats is exhibited in these genetic lines. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Not to be confused with mouse-deer. For a broader category of rodents which includes other deer mouse species, see Neotominae.
For the species often called deer mouse, see Peromyscus maniculatus. Temporal range: Late Miocene — Recent.
Techtalk —2. Accessed June 11, Retrieved on Jeor, SC Journal of Virology.
The Southwestern Naturalist. Committee on Animal Models for Research on Aging Mammalian Models for Research on Aging.
National Academies. January Journal of Mammalogy.
CS1 maint: uses authors parameter link. Extant species of subfamily Neotominae. Southern pygmy mouse B. Alston's brown mouse S.
Subgenus Neotoma : White-throated woodrat N. Magdalena rat X. Allen's woodrat H. Goldman's diminutive woodrat N. Golden mouse O.
Guerrero harvest mouse R. Mearns's grasshopper mouse O. Mexican volcano mouse N. Florida mouse P. Yellow isthmus rat I.
Index of Species Information
Oaxaca giant deer mouse M. Chinanteco deer mouse H. Michoacan deer mouse O. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: uses authors parameter Articles with 'species' microformats.
Namespaces Article Talk.
Peromyscus Gloger , Baiomys Pygmy mice Southern pygmy mouse B. Ochrotomys Golden mouse O. Peromyscus Deer mice californicus group : California mouse P.