World War 2
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Need Notes? About Course-Notes. Hawaiian prince; with British backing he created a unified kingdom by ; promoted the entry of Western ideas in commerce and social relations. Architect of British victory at Plassey; established foundations of British raj in northern India 18th century. Reformer of the East India Company administration of India in the 's; reduced power of local British administrators; checked widespread corruption.
YES also the same one that surrendered at the battle of Yorktown. Zulu chief in who refused to dismiss his army and accept British rule, the British invaded the Zulu nation and lost control of their kingdom in the Battle of Ulundi in Despite a vast disadvantage in weapons technology, the numerically superior Zulus ultimately overwhelmed the poorly led and badly deployed British, killing over 1, troops, including all those out on the forward firing line.
The Zulu army suffered around a thousand killed.
The battle was a crushing victory for the Zulus and caused the defeat of the first British invasion of Zululand. War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. From complex beginnings, the war is notable for several particularly bloody battles, as well as for being a landmark in the timeline of colonialism in the region. The war ended the Zulu nation's independence. Battle between Britain and Zulu in Britain wanted to make claim to South Africa for gold, diamonds, and power.
As a result Britain won and took control of South Africa. Conference that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. Kingdom that controlled interior regions of Java in 17th century; Dutch East India Company paid tribute to the kingdom for rights of trade at Batavia; weakness of kingdom after 's allowed Dutch to exert control over all of Java.
Took place on June 23, ; how Great Britain really gained control in India. Despite their low number of soldiers, the British were able to win the battle against Siraj, the leader of Bengal, and his army. Soldiers fighting for Great Britain Robert Clive leading had a few specific qualities that made them successful on the battlefield—a strong army, gun skills, unity of their army unlike Siraj's army , the Royal Navy, and support from other countries.
A Muslim prince allied to British India; technically, a semi-autonomous deputy of the Mughal emperor.
The Meiji Restoration Era, 1868-1889
Three districts that made up the bulk of the directly ruled British territories in India; capitals at Madras, Calcutta, and Bombay.
Domains of Indian princes allied with the British Raj; agents of East India Company were stationed at the rulers courts to ensure compliance; made up over one-third of the British Indian Empire. British administrator who brought new school system, wrote "Minute on Education" where he stated the English was the supreme language and western civilization the supreme culture.
Made voyages to Hawaii from resulting in openings of islands to the West; convinced Kamehamehah to establish a unified kingdon in the islands. Ship canal dug across the isthmus of Suez in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia.
Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in Name given to British representatives of the East India Company who went briefly to India to make fortunes through graft and exploitation. A medicine developed to prevent malaria. This allowed Europeans to travel to the interior of tropic regions and carve up Africa.
The greater portion of the European empires consisting of Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific were small numbers of Europeans ruled large populations of non-Western peoples. A religious dance of native Americans looking for communication with the dead, Spiritual revival in by Indians that would lead to the massacre at Wounded Knee. The rebellion was ended by British troops. Areas, such as North America and Australia, that were both conquered by European invaders and settled by large numbers of European migrants who made the colonized areas their permanent home and dispersed and decimated the indigenous inhabitants.
Colonies in which European settlers made up the overwhelming majority of the population; small numbers of native inhabitants were typically reduced by disease and wars of conquest; typical of British holdings in North America and Australia with growing independence in the 19th century.
Belief in the inherent mental, moral, and cultural superiority of whites; peaked in acceptance in decades before World War I; supported by social science doctrines of social Darwinists such as Herbert Spencer.
The idea that the more civilized countries need to take care of the countries that "need" it.
Korean & Japanese War
Rudyard Kipling: poem addressing the unpopularity of foreign rule and that it was a duty to bring order and serve people. Stanley to make treaties with African chiefs, giving control of the Congo to Leopold.
It became his personal playground and was recognized as such in by the Berlin conference. Was quested for its rubber and ivory.
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Soldiers of the Belgian army forced the natives to do work and treated them savagely, often cutting off their hands to prove they used ammunition on humans when they were really using the ammunition on wildlife. Twain and author Conan Doyle spoke out. The Belgian Parliament was horrified and took the colony away from the king in and it became a Belgian colony.
British, developed a system of philosophy based on the theory of evolution, believed in the primacy of personal freedom and reasoned thinking.
Sought to develop a system whereby all human endeavours could be explained rationally and scientifically.
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion. City at the southern tip of Africa; became the first permanent European settlement in Africa in ; built by Dutch immigrants to supply ships sailing to or from the East Indies. Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in ; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal.
British colony in south Africa; developed after boer trek north from cape colony; major commercial outpost of Durban. Boer free states established in southern Africa by Afrikans of Dutch descent from the British colonial government in Cape Colony Born in , played a major political and economic role in colonial South Africa.
He was a financier, statesman, and empire builder with a philosophy of mystical imperialism.
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Founded the De Beers Mining Company. Boers won the first time. British won the second time. Brought about the first concentration camp ever.
Leader of Hawaii who took the throne after her brother died. Was forced to give up her throne when the U. First and only reigning Hawaiian queen.
French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization King of France In he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in Younger member of Committee of Public Safety who said, " whatever is outside the French revolution is an enemy" Executed with Robespierre.
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He was a lawyer and a member of the National Convention. Led the Mountain side of the National Convention Montagarde. Helped France's financial situation through the concept of planned economy setting price limits on certain products.
Was a very large part of the radicalization of France, but efforts eventually led to the fall of France and take-over by Napoleon Bonaparte. He claimed that the Revolution was over.
In a sense he was right; the last reforms were made in The people strongly disliked him for his views on the disablement of speaking against the republic. He was one of the main contributors to the laws that stated the death penalty for those who went against the revolution. One of the fundamental documents of the French Revolution, defining a set of individual rights and collective rights of all of the estates as one.
Influenced by the doctrine of natural rights, these rights are universal: they are supposed to be valid in all times and places, pertaining to human nature itself. Introduced as a method of humane execution; utilized to execute thousands during the most radical phase of the French Revolution known as the Reign of Terror.
The second great democratic revolution, taking place in the s, after the American Revolution had been proven to be a success.
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The U. The French people overthrew the king and his government, and then instituted a series of unsuccessful democratic governments until Napoleon took over as dictator in United States federal law passed on May 6, , following revisions made in to the Burlingame Treaty of Those revisions allowed the U.
This treaty with China was ratified in It encouraged Chinese immigration to the United States at a time when cheap labor was in demand for U. It doubled the annual influx of Chinese immigrants between and The treaty was reversed in by the Chinese Exclusion Act.