The Panic of was a run on the sale and repurchase market the "repo" market , which is a very large, short-term market that provides financing for a wide range of securitization activities and financial institutions. Repo transactions are collateralized, frequently with securitized bonds.
We refer to the combination of securitization plus repo finance as "securitized banking", and argue that these activities were at the nexus of the crisis. We use a novel data set that includes credit spreads for hundreds of securitized bonds to trace the path of crisis from subprime-housing related assets into markets that had no connection to housing.
We find that changes in the "LIB-OIS" spread, a proxy for counterparty risk, was strongly correlated with changes in credit spreads and repo rates for securitized bonds. These changes implied higher uncertainty about bank solvency and lower values for repo collateral.
Concerns about the liquidity of markets for the bonds used as collateral led to increases in repo "haircuts": the amount of collateral required for any given transaction. With declining asset values and increasing haircuts, the U.
Development of the American Economy. Economic Fluctuations and Growth.
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International Finance and Macroeconomics. International Trade and Investment.
Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship. The Science of Science Funding Initiative.
The Women Working Longer Project. Illinois Workplace Wellness Study.
The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment. He is also the Mitsui Professor of Economics at M.
Special Purpose Vehicles and Securitization.