Environmentally Sustainable design also called environmentally conscious design, eco design etc. The intention of sustainable design is to "eliminate negative environmental impact completely through skillful, sensitive design". If humans were to devise products, tools, furniture, homes, factories, and cities more intelligently from the start, they wouldn't even need to think in terms of waste, or contamination, or scarcity. Good design would allow for abundance, endless reuse, and pleasure.
Sustainability and design are intimately linked. Quite simply, our future is designed. Sustainability can be thought of as the property of continuance; that is, what is sustainable can be continued into the future. The principle that all directions of progress run out, ending with diminishing returns, is evident in the typical 'S' curve of the technology life cycle and in the useful life of any system as discussed in industrial ecology and life cycle assessment.
Diminishing returns are the result of reaching natural limits. Common business management practice is to read diminishing returns in any direction of effort as an indication of diminishing opportunity, the potential for accelerating decline and a signal to seek new opportunities elsewhere.
A problem arises when the limits of a resource are hard to see, so increasing investment in response to diminishing returns may seem profitable as in the Tragedy of the Commons , but may lead to a collapse.
This problem of increasing investment in diminishing resources has also been studied in relation to the causes of civilization collapse by Joseph Tainter among others. Relieving over-stressed resources requires reducing pressure on them, not continually increasing it whether more efficiently or not. About 80 million tonnes of waste in total are generated in the U.
Experience has now shown that there is no completely safe method of waste disposal. All forms of disposal have negative effects on the environment, public inovation, and local economies.
Landfills have contaminated drinking water. Garbage burned in incinerators has poisoned air, soil, and water. The majority of water treatment systems change the local ecology. Attempts to control or manage wastes after they are produced fail to eliminate environmental impacts. The toxics components of household products pose serious health risks and aggravate the trash problem. In the U. The only way to avoid environmental harm from waste is to prevent its generation.
Pollution prevention means changing the way activities are conducted and eliminating the source of the problem. It does not mean doing without, but doing differently.
For example, preventing waste pollution from litter caused by disposable beverage containers does not mean doing without beverages; it just means using refillable bottles.
Waste prevention strategies In planning for facilities, a comprehensive design strategy is needed for preventing generation of solid waste. A good garbage prevention strategy would require that everything brought into a facility be recycled for reuse or recycled back into the environment through biodegradation. This would mean a greater reliance on natural materials or products that are compatible with the environment. Any resource-related development is going to have two basic sources of solid waste — materials purchased and used by the facility and those brought into the facility by visitors.
The following waste prevention strategies apply to both, although different approaches will be needed for implementation: .
Perhaps the most obvious and overshadowing driver of environmentally conscious sustainable design can be attributed to global warming and climate change. The sense of urgency that now prevails for humanity to take actions against climate change has increased manifold in the past thirty years. Climate change can be attributed to several faults; and improper design that doesn't take into consideration the environment is one of them.
While several steps in the field of sustainability have begun, most products, industries and buildings still consume a lot of energy and create a lot of pollution.
Unsustainable environment design, or simply design, also affects the biodiversity of a region. Improper design of transport highways force thousands of animals to move further into forest boundaries.
Poorly designed hydrothermal dams affect the mating cycle and indirectly, the numbers of local fish. In addition, the Interprofessional Council on Environmental Design ICED , a coalition of architectural, landscape architectural, and engineering organizations, developed a vision statement in an attempt to foster a team approach to sustainable design.
ICED states: The ethics, education and practices of our professions will be directed to shape a sustainable future. To achieve this vision we will join.
Sustainable design definition pdf file
These activities are an indication that the concept of sustainable design is being supported on a global and interprofessional scale and that the ultimate goal is to become more environmentally responsive. The world needs facilities that are more energy efficient and that promote conservation and recycling of natural and economic resources.
Sustainable Design: Definition and Importance
Environmentally sustainable design is most beneficial when it works hand in hand with the other two counterparts of sustainable design — the economic and socially sustainable designs. For sustainable design, there is a need to reset how we, as inhabitants of the earth, think about value. In some countries the term sustainable design is known as ecodesign , green design or environmental design.
Victor Papanek , embraced social design and social quality and ecological quality, but did not explicitly combine these areas of design concern in one term. Sustainable design and design for sustainability are more common terms, including the triple bottom line people, planet and profit.
In the EU, the concept of sustainable design is referred to as ecodesign. Little discussions have taken place over the importance of this concept in the run-up to the circular economy package, that the European Commission will be tabling by the end of To this effect, an Ecothis.
EU campaign was launched to raise awareness about the economic and environmental consequences of not including eco-design as part of the circular economy package.
According to Jonathan Chapman of Carnegie Mellon University , USA, emotionally durable design reduces the consumption and waste of natural resources by increasing the resilience of relationships established between consumers and products. According to Chapman, 'emotional durability' can be achieved through consideration of the following five elements:. As a strategic approach, "emotionally durable design provides a useful language to describe the contemporary relevance of designing responsible, well made, tactile products which the user can get to know and assign value to in the long-term.
Because standards of sustainable design appear to emphasize ethics over aesthetics, some designers and critics have complained that it lacks inspiration. Pritzker Architecture Prize winner Frank Gehry has called green building "bogus,"  and National Design Awards winner Peter Eisenman has dismissed it as "having nothing to do with architecture.
Others claim that such criticism of sustainable design is misguided.
A leading advocate for this alternative view is architect Lance Hosey , whose book The Shape of Green: Aesthetics, Ecology, and Design was the first dedicated to the relationships between sustainability and beauty. Hosey argues not just that sustainable design needs to be aesthetically appealing in order to be successful, but also that following the principles of sustainability to their logical conclusion requires reimagining the shape of everything designed, creating things of even greater beauty.
Reviewers have suggested that the ideas in The Shape of Green could "revolutionize what it means to be sustainable. The popular Living Building Challenge has incorporated beauty as one of its petals in building design. Sustainable products and processes are required to be beautiful because it allows for emotional durability. Many people also argue that biophilia is innately beautiful. Or utilizes daylight design into the system — reducing lighting loads while also fulfilling our need for being close to that which is outdoors.
Discussed above, economics is another aspect of it environmental design that is crucial to most design decisions. It is obvious that most people consider the cost of any design before they consider the environmental impacts of it.
Therefore, there is a growing nuance of pitching ideas and suggestions for environmentally sustainable design by highlighting the economical profits that they bring to us. Focus should be on honing skills in communicating the economic and profit potential of smart design, with the same rigor that have been applied to advancing technical building solutions. There are several standards and rating systems developed as sustainability gains popularity.
The list is endless, with most rating systems revolving around buildings and energy, and some covering products as well. Most rating systems certify on the basis of design as well as post construction or manufacturing. While designing for environmental sustainability, it is imperative that the appropriate units are paid attention to.
Often, different standards weigh things in different units, and that can make a huge impact on the outcome of the project. Another important aspect of using standards and looking at data involves understanding the baseline. A poor design baseline with huge improvements often show a higher efficiency percentage, while an intelligent baseline from the start might only have a little improvement needed and show lesser change. Therefore, all data should ideally be compared on similar levels, and also be looked at from multiple unit values.
Life cycle assessment is the complete assessment of materials from their extraction, transport, processing, refining, manufacturing, maintenance, use, disposal, reuse and recycle stages.
It helps put into perspective whether a design is actually environmentally sustainable in the long run.
Products such as aluminum which can be reused multiple number of times but have a very energy intensive mining and refining which makes it unfavorable.
Information such as this is done using LCA and then taken into consideration when designing. Applications of this philosophy range from the microcosm — small objects for everyday use, through to the macrocosm — buildings, cities, and the Earth's physical surface.
It is a philosophy that can be applied in the fields of architecture , landscape architecture , urban design , urban planning , engineering , graphic design , industrial design , interior design , fashion design and human-computer interaction.
Sustainable design is mostly a general reaction to global environmental crises , the rapid growth of economic activity and human population, depletion of natural resources, damage to ecosystems , and loss of biodiversity. Construction methods and materials include repurposed shipping containers , straw bale construction , sandbag homes, and floating homes. The limits of sustainable design are reducing.
Whole earth impacts are beginning to be considered because growth in goods and services is consistently outpacing gains in efficiency. As a result, the net effect of sustainable design to date has been to simply improve the efficiency of rapidly increasing impacts.
The present approach, which focuses on the efficiency of delivering individual goods and services, does not solve this problem. The basic dilemmas include: the increasing complexity of efficiency improvements; the difficulty of implementing new technologies in societies built around old ones; that physical impacts of delivering goods and services are not localized, but are distributed throughout the economies; and that the scale of resource use is growing and not stabilizing.
Sustainable architecture is the design of sustainable buildings. Sustainable architecture attempts to reduce the collective environmental impacts during the production of building components, during the construction process, as well as during the lifecycle of the building heating, electricity use, carpet cleaning etc.
This design practice emphasizes efficiency of heating and cooling systems; alternative energy sources such as solar hot water , appropriate building siting, reused or recycled building materials; on-site power generation - solar technology, ground source heat pumps, wind power; rainwater harvesting for gardening, washing and aquifer recharge; and on-site waste management such as green roofs that filter and control stormwater runoff. This requires close cooperation of the design team, the architects, the engineers, and the client at all project stages, from site selection, scheme formation, material selection and procurement, to project implementation.
Appropriate building siting and smaller building footprints are vital to an environmentally sustainable design. Oftentimes, a building may be very well designed, and energy efficient but its location requires people to travel far back and forth — increasing pollution that may not be building produced but is directly as a result of the building anyway.
Sustainable architecture must also cover the building beyond its useful life. Its disposal or recycling aspects also come under the wing of sustainability. Often, modular buildings are better to take apart and less energy intensive to put together too.