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This banner text can have markup. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Kvi;" ' A few fragments from her Grasmere Journal were included by the late Bishop of Lincoln in the Memoirs of his uncle, published in The Recollections of a Tour made in Scotland in , were edited in full by the late Principal Shairp in the year third edition In , I included in my Life of William Wordsworth most of the Journal written at Alfoxden, much of that referring to Hamburg, and the greater part of the longer Grasmere Journal.
Some extracts from the Journal of a Tour on the Continent made in and of a similar one written by Mrs.
The Grasmere Journal: seeing the Lake District through another Wordsworth's eyes
Words- worth , as well as short records of subsequent visits to Scotland and to the Isle of Man, were printed in the same volume. None of these, however, were given in their entirety ; nor is it desirable now to print them in extensQ except in the case of the Recollections of a Tour made in Scotland in All the Journals con- tain numerous trivial details, which bear ample witness to the " plain living and high thinking " of the Words- worth household and, in this edition, samples of these PREFATORY NOTE details are given but there is no need to record all the cases in which the sister wrote, " To-day I mended William's shirts," or " William gathered sticks," or "I went in search of eggs," etc.
In all cases, however, in which a sentence or paragraph, or several sentences and paragraphs, in the Journals are left out, the omission is indicated by means of asterisks. Nothing is omitted of any literary or biographical value.
Some persons may think that too much has been recorded, others that everything should have been printed. As to this, posterity must judge. I think that many, in future years, will value these Journals, not only as a record of the relations existing between Wordsworth and his sister, his wife her family and his friends, but also as an illustration of the remarkable literary brotherhood and sisterhood of the period.
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Coming now to details. I I do not know of any Journal written at Racedown, and I do not think that Dorothy kept one while she and her brother lived in Dorsetshire. In July they took up their residence at Alfoxden ; but, so far as is known, it was not till the 2oth of January that Dorothy began to write a Journal of her own and her brother's life at that place.
It was continued un- interruptedly till Thursday, 22nd May It gives numerous details as to the visits of Coleridge to Alfoxden, and the Wordsworths 5 visits to him at Nethcr- Stowey, as well as of the circumstances under which several of their poems were composed.
Many sentences in the Journal present a curious resemblance to words PREFATORY NOTE and phrases which occur in the poems ; and there is no doubt that, as brother and sister made use of the same note -book some of Wordsworth's own verses having been written by him in his sister's journal the co- partnery may have extended to more than the common use of the same MS, The archaic spellings which occur in this Journal are retained; but inaccuracies such as Bartelmy for Bartholemew, Crewkshank for Cruikshank are corrected.
In the edition of the words were printed as written in MS. II From the Journal of the days spent at Hamburg in when the Words worths were on their way to Goslar, and Coleridge to Ratzeburg only a few extracts are given, dating from I4th September to 3rd October of that year.
These explain themselves. To many readers this will be by far the most interesting section of all Dorothy Wordsworth's writings. It not only contains exquisite descriptions of Grasmere and its district- a most felicitous record of the changes of the PREFATORY NOTE seasons and the progress of the year, details as to flower and tree, bird and beast, mountain and lake but it casts a flood of light on the circumstances under which her brother's poems were composed.
It also discloses much as to the doings of the Wordsworth household, of the visits of Coleridge and others,' while it vividly illustrates the peasant life of Westmoreland at the beginning of this century.
It is here printed in four sections. VII When the late Principal Shairp edited the Re- collections of a Tour made in Scotland in , he inserted an elaborate and valuable introduction, with a few explanatory and topographical notes. With the consent of Mrs.
Shairp, and of the Principal's son, Sheriff J. Shairp, many of them are now repro- duced, with the initials J. As some notes were needed at these places, and I could only have slightly varied the statements of fact, it seemed better for the reader, and more respectful to the memory of such a Wordsworthian as the late Principal was, to record them as his.
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I cordially thank Mrs. Shairp, and her son, for their kindness in this matter. Many of them were " afterthoughts. I have not seen the original MS. Dorothy transcribed it in full for her friend Mrs. Clarkson, commencing the work in , and finishing it on 3ist May see vol. This transcript I have seen. It is the only one now traceable. It should be mentioned that Dorothy Wordsworth was often quite incorrect in her dates, both as to the day of the week and the month. Minute accuracy on these points did not count for much at that time ; and very often a mistake in the date of one entry in her Journal brought with it a long series of future errors.
The same remark applies to the Grasmere Journal, and to the record of the Continental Tour of Many friends and students of Wordsworth regretted the long delay in the publication of the Tour made in Scotland in It possesses a singular charm, and has abiding interest, not only as a record of travel, but also as a mirror of Scottish life and character nearly a hundred years ago. The ramble was from Grasmere by Rydal and Kirkstone Pass to Patterdale and Ullswater, thence to the top of Place Fell, at the foot of which Wordsworth thought of buying and did afterwards buy a small property near the Lake, thence to Yanworth, returning to Grasmere by Kirkstone again.
The story of this "ramble," written by Dorothy, was afterwards incorporated in part by William Wordsworth in his prose Description of the Scenery of the Lakes another curious instance of their literary copartnery.
IX In the poet, his wife, and sister, along with Mr. Monkhouse, and Miss Horrocks a sister of Mrs.
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Monkhouse , spent more than three months on the Continent. They left Lambeth on the i oth of July, and returned to London in November. Dorothy Wordsworth wrote a minute and very careful Journal of this tour, taking notes at the time, and extending them on her return to Westmoreland. Wordsworth kept a shorter record of the same journey.
Crabb Robinson also wrote a diary of it. Wordsworth PREFATORY NOTE xiii recorded and idealised his tour in a series of poems, named by him ct Memorials of a Tour on the Continent, ," very few of which were written on the spot ; and when, in the after- leisure of Rydal Mount, he set to work upon them, it is evident that he consulted, and made frequent use of, the two family Journals, particu- larly the one written by his sister.
In a letter to Mrs. Clarkson from Coblentz, dated 22nd July, Dorothy said : " Journals we shall have in abundance ; for all, except my brother and Mrs.
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Monkhouse, keep a journal. Mine is nothing but notes, unintelligible to any one but myself. I look forward, however, to many a pleasant hour's employment at Rydal Mount in filling up the chasms. Dorothy's MS. Extracts from both Journals were published in the library edition of the Poems in , and in the Life of William Wordsworth in ; but these were limited to passages illustrative of the Poems.
It is not expedient to print either Journal in full There are, however, so many passages of interest and beauty in each presenting a vivid picture of the towns and countries through which the Wordsworths passed, and of the style of continental travelling in those days that it seems desirable to insert more numerous extracts from them than those which have been already printed.
In the 80 pages extracted from Dorothy's Journal alone, it is such passages that have, in the main, been selected. In October , Mr.
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Robinson was a visitor at Rydal Mount ; and after reading over the Journals of Mrs. I read to-day part of Miss, and also Mrs. They put mine to shame. Now it is evident that a succession of such pictures must represent the face of the country. Their Journals were alike abundant in observation in which the writers showed an enviable faculty , and were sparing of re- flections, which ought rather to be excited by than obtruded in a book of travels. I think I shall profit on some future occa- sion by the hint I have taken.
Wordsworth's Journal. I do not know when I have felt more humble than in reading it.
Self and Shadow: The Journal of Dorothy Wordsworth
It is so superior to my own. She saw so much more than I did, though we were side by side during a great part of the time. I made some cheap purchases : if anything not wanted can be cheap. Your advice respecting my Continental Journal is, I am sure, very good, provided it were worth while to make a book of it, i. She wrote of this journey: " I had for years promised Joanna to go with her to Edin- burgh that was her object ; but we planned a little tour, up the Forth to Stirling, thence by track-boat to Glasgow ; from Dumbarton to Rob Roy's cave by steam ; stopping at Tarbet ; thence in a cart to Inverary ; back again to Glasgow, down Loch Fyne, and up the Clyde ; thence on the coach to Lanark ; and from Lanark to Moffat in a cart.
There we stopped two days, my companion being an invalid ; and she fancied the waters might cure her, but a bathing-place which nobody frequents is never in order ; and we were glad to leave Moffat, crossing the wild country again in a cart, to the banks of the river Esk.
We returned to Edinburgh for the sake of warm baths. We were three weeks in lodgings at Edinburgh. Joanna had much of that sort of pleasure which one has in first seeing a foreign country ; and in our travels, whether on the outside of a coach, on the deck of a steamboat, or in whatever PREFATORY NOTE way we got forward, she was always cheerful, never complain- ing of bad fare, bad inns, or anything else. He wrote i6th May : " We shall go to Dover, with a view to embark for Ostend to-morrow, unless detained by similar obstacles.
Dorothy Wordsworth and the Grasmere journals
We hope to be landed in England within a month. We shall hurry through London homewards, where we are naturally anxious already to be, having left Rydal Mount so far back as February. In them will be found the same directness and simplicity, the same vividness of touch, as are seen in her Journal of the longer tour taken in This was a visit, earlier by five years than that which the poet took with his sister to the Isle of Man, before proceeding to Scotland, a tour which gave rise to so many sonnets.
Of the later tour she kept no Journal, but of the earlier one some records survive, from which a few extracts have been made. In conclusion, I must mention the special kindness of the late Mrs.
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Wordsworth, the daughter-in-law of the poet, and of Mr. The green paths down the hill-sides are channels for streams.
The young wheat is streaked by silver lines of water running be- tween the ridges, the sheep are gathered together on the slopes. After the wet dark days, the country seems more populous. It peoples itself in the sunbeams. The garden, mimic of spring, is gay with flowers. The purple-starred hepatica spreads itself in the sun, and the clustering snow-drops put forth their white heads, at first upright, ribbed with green, and like a rosebud when completely opened, hanging their heads downwards, but slowly lengthening their slender stems.
The slanting woods of an unvarying brown, showing the light through the thin net-work of their upper boughs. Upon the highest ridge of that round hill covered with planted oaks, the shafts of the trees show in the light like the columns of a ruin.