German comics are comics written in the German language or by German-speaking creators, for the major comic markets in Germany , Austria , and Switzerland , with spill-overs into the neighboring, but lesser, comic markets of Liechtenstein , Luxembourg and German-Belgium. There continues to be a large presence of translated material in the German language market. Panini Comics holds licensing agreements to publish translated Marvel and DC Comics , among other things.
The German comic has many early forerunners.
They are now generally recognized as pioneers of the comic form, predating the development of the American comic strip. German born and influenced artists Rudolph Dirks and Lyonel Feininger brought the innovations to American Sunday papers. Towards the end of the century, superheroes, manga, and Calvin and Hobbes began to have a large presence in the translated comic market. However, there were some successful German creations during this time.
Between and , the comic strip Vater und Sohn "Father and Son" appeared in the weekly illustrated magazine Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung. It was one of the most popular German strips of all time. It was created by Erich Ohser , under the pseudonym e.
Comic books were not published in Nazi Germany because such literature was banned under the Nazi party. Jerry Siegel is a fellow who is intellectually and physically circumcised and has his headquarters in New York. He invented a colorful character that boasts a striking appearance, a strong body, and a red swim suit. The creative Israelite named this pleasing character with an overdeveloped body and underdeveloped brain 'Superman. In post-war the s and s West Germany, comic books and strips were largely inspired by American models.
After the West German publishers commissioned foreign artists and studios. Bessy was a Belgian production for the German market, Wendy was produced in Britain, and Gespenster Geschichten was drawn by Spanish artists.
Despite dubious art quality and increasing resistance from educators, these comics were very popular. Of somewhat better quality were the comics in weekly news magazines.
In the s, the series Nick Knatterton by Manfred Schmidt was published in the news magazine Quick. The detective story strip was inspired by Schmidt's dislike of Superman , and was in part intended as a parody.
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Germany has also popular advertising comic books like Lurchi , Max und Luzie , Mike der Taschengeldexperte , and Knax. Comics in East Germany were less various in comparison with those in the west, but were more consistently of high quality.
The most prominent publication was Mosaik , in which Hannes Hegen chronicled the adventures of the Digedags. When Hegen left in , he took the characters with him.
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Mosaik continued without him and the characters were replaced by the Abrafaxe. The comic magazine Atze presented complete short stories with political contents, often depicting everyday life in the GDR, the history of the workers' movement or the communist anti-fascist resistance movement. More popular were the continuing stories of the two mice Fix und Fax not to be confused with Kauka's Fix and Foxi that bookended every issue of Atze.
The first successful German-language comic strip with speech balloons was the Austrian daily strip Tobias Seicherl in Das Kleine Blatt. Until the beginning of the s, German comics remained to a large extent limited to children's comics. Much as in the American comic scene, creators interested in making more sophisticated comics have had to battle the prejudice that comics are a medium that is only suitable for children.
Sometimes political cartoonists from satirical magazines like Pardon and Titanic tried the medium comics, like Chlodwig Poth, Volker Ernsting, F. Since the mids, German-speaking artists have been developing alternative and avant-garde comics. A prominent alternative comics magazine is Moga Mobo which has been published since In , Comicforum debuted on the web and acted as a hub for German comic creators.
In , it was recognized by the Interessenverband Comic , describing it as a factor the German comic landscape can no longer be imagined without. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Comic originating in Germany. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. November Speech balloon.
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